While there has been some controversy over the years as to what exactly constitutes a true Persian and what is considered a variant there are no arguments over what characteristics a cat must have to be considered a quality Persian.
The things that are judged when a Persian is being shown are the very long and luxurious coat that Persians are famous for. Other attributes are the shorter legs when compared with other breeds, the wider head with far set ears, extremely large eyes and a very shortened muzzle.
While show Persians are sought after because of these attributes they are also very much in demand as regular house pets because of the characteristics they display with regard to personality. The Persian is considered a very good pet because they are very placid and tend to adopt to a lifestyle in an apartment or condo very easily.
When compared to non-pedigree cats, or cats that do not have what is considered a true, or clean bloodline or ancestry, Persians rate very high on the list when it comes to affection, closeness to owners, a willingness to tolerate strangers and cleanliness.
They are often also prized for their predictability and their lack of fussiness over food that other breeds, like the Siamese for example tend to have. The Himalayan, which is a breed that was derived by breeding a Siamese and a Persian, is less regarded in those same areas, and especially in the apartment or condo living category directly because of the influence that the Siamese bloodline and the characteristics that are inherent due to that mix.
There is a broad range of color variations allowed in the Persian cat community but there are some standards that are set by the various governing bodies of the different countries that regularly judge the cats’ appearances. Most of the governing bodies break down the colors into four separate and distinct categories which the breeders and show aficionados may adhere to.